DataCite has developed some guidelines for citing data sets. They suggest using this format:
Creator (Publication Year): Title. Version. Publisher. ResourceType. Identifier
- Creator: In literature citations, this would be the place to list author(s)
- Title: Title of the data
- Version: Data sometimes goes through multiple versions-this element is meant to indicate which version you’ve used
- Publisher: The entity making the data available to others. It might be a subject repository like Dryad, an institutional repository like UT Digital Repository, a PI through their website, or many other options.
- ResourceType: The type of thing you are citing. Examples: data set, image, software, etc.
- Identifier: Ideally this should be the DOI or a persistent URL
For more information about citing data sets:
Why Cite Data? http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata
Citing data (without tearing your hair out) http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/information-culture/2013/08/23/citing-data-without-tearing-your-hair-out/
Metadata standards from DataCite: http://schema.datacite.org/