We catalog many books and maps about the Cretaceous period and system. Around Austin, Texas, we have a variety of sedimentary rocks that originated during the Cretaceous period when a great inland sea, full of creatures, covered much of Texas. Geologists may have fun going out to the hill country springs and outcrops to answer questions about these rocks and fossils and formations. But we librarians have unexpected questions too. What is this publication up to? And is the word Cretaceous capitalized? You would think that this would be a simple answer, but scientists can be wacky. The OED does clarify that in a geological context Cretaceous is capitalized. For your amusement, here are a few examples of the use of cretaceous and an example of jejune thrown in as a bonus definition.
cretaceous, adj. and n.
a. Of the nature of chalk; chalky.
b. Chalk-like. humorous.
1708 J. Philips Cyder i. 54 Nor from the sable Ground expect Success Nor from cretaceous, stubborn and jejune.
1808 S. Smith P. Plymley’s Lett. vi, I love not the cretaceous and incredible countenance of his colleague.
B. n. (usu. with the).
Geol. The Cretaceous system or period.
1910 Encycl. Brit. VII. 415/1 With the opening of the Cretaceous in Europe there commenced a period of marine transgression.
2. Deficient in nourishing or substantial (physical) qualities; thin, attenuated, scanty; meagre, unsatisfying; (of land) poor, barren.
“cretaceous, adj. and n.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, September 2014. Web. 31 October 2014.
“jejune, adj.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, September 2014. Web. 31 October 2014.
Astrobleme, or star wound, is a vivid synonym for impact structure. I came across this term in Philippe Bouysse’s Explanatory Notes for the Geological Map of the World.
Bouysse also included this quote on the title pages:
«Ce qui est simple est toujours faux. Ce qui ne l’est pas est inutilisable.» Paul Valéry (Mauvaises pensées et autres, 1942)
On my way to work in morning, I walk past a sign that advertises “Reality Pros.” No wait, that’s “Realty Pros.” Realty professionals manage property, not reality.
Although the roots and meanings for reality and realty overlap, I’m much more interested in questions concerning:
reality– Real existence; what is real rather than imagined or desired; the aggregate of real things or existences; that which underlies and is the truth of appearances or phenomena.- OED
realty– a. The quality of being real, reality; real existence. Cf. reality n. 1, 2a. Now rare.- OED
realty b. Law. As a mass noun: real property (cf. real adj.2 7c); (now chiefly U.S.) real estate. Freq. attrib.– OED
In compiling a reading list for geoscience fiction, I discovered a number of books and films about dangerous sea creatures with lethally sharp teeth.
If a book summary describes a monster lurking in the murky depths and is tagged under the category of cryptozoology, how do I decide if a book concerns science (reality) or fantasy (legend)? Are these sea creatures extinct sharks or megalodons? Sometimes in popular science fiction, even legendary creatures are recipients of scientific explanations and eat Scully’s dog Queequeg. The definition of cryptozoology encompasses a wide range of the real and imagined.
Cryptozoology: The study of unknown, legendary, or extinct animals whose existence or survival to the present day is disputed or unsubstantiated.
I would gladly hire the services of a reality pro to interpret vague plot summaries and to distinguish between extinct animals such as megalodons and cryptids such as the Loch Ness monster.
Dictionaries and encyclopedias are mighty distracting. While looking up Moho, I found moity and moisty in the OED. At least there is the beer quote from Chaucer to relate one of the words to geologists.
moity: Of wool: containing particles of wood or other foreign substances.
moisty: 2. Of beer: new, fresh; = Obs.
c1390 Chaucer Manciple’s Tale 60 For were it wyn or old or moisty ale That he hath dronke, he speketh in his nose.
Our new map “Tectonic framework of the Alps / Carte tectonique des Alpes” includes an ancillary map titled “Moho depth map = Carte de profondeur du Moho.” We got our moho working…
The OED gives the definition of Moho:
Moho: The discontinuity between the earth’s crust and the mantle which is believed to exist at a depth of about 10–12 km (6–7½ miles) under the ocean beds and 40–50 km (25–30 miles) under the continents. Also called Mohorovičić discontinuity.
1956 Adv. Geophysics 3 118 The boundary..is now called the Mohorovičić discontinuity (vulgarly ‘The Moho’).
The Glossary of Geology defines it as:
Moho (Mo’-ho) Abbreviated form of Mohorovicic discontinuity, suggested by Birch (1952, p.229). Sp: discontinuidad de Mohorovicic.
Those of you who have been reading too many dinosaur books, may immediately think of gore as a bloody mess. But gore has meanings related to land surveying, territory, or cloth.
As the OED defines one aspect of gore:
c. A small strip or tract of land lying between larger divisions. Chiefly U.S.
1887 G. W. Sears Forest Runes p. vii, What New Englanders call a ‘gore’,—a triangular strip of land that gets left out somehow when the towns are surveyed.
“Gyttja conditions prevailed, thus prompting the formation of rich nodular limestone.”–Bechstädt, Brandner.
According to the OED, gyttja is a Swedish word referring to mud or ooze. Here’s the geological definition:
gyttja, n.- A sediment which is typically black, rich in organic matter, and deposited in productive lakes.
Bechstädt, Thilo, and Rainer Brandner. Das Anis zwischen St. Vigil und dem Höhlensteintal (Pragser- und Olanger Dolomiten, Südtirol). Innsbruck, Austria: [Universität Innsbruck], 1970.
“‘To see’ doesn’t mean just to register images; it means to interpret….”
“…Notice that it isn’t the description that matters, it’s the meaning. ‘Meaning,’ ‘information,’ and ‘beauty’ are all pretty much the same thing….”
“…But now it seems to me that the more you train your mind to perceive order, the more joy you are likely to get from the perception. Discoveries about natural law, the orderly relationships of parts to a whole, are deeply satisfying, not only to scientists but to painters, sculptors, musicians, and writers.”
Knight, Damon Francis. Creating Short Fiction. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1997. p.14-16.
“It is in accordance with practical experience, however, which the author has personally observed over many decades, that in cartographical affairs, as in all graphic work, the greatest clarity, the greatest power of expression, balance and simplicity are concurrent with beauty. To create beauty, a purely technical, practical arrangement of things is not sufficient. Beauty is, to a large extent, irrational. Artistic talent, aesthetic sensitivity, sense of proportion, harmony, form and color, and graphical interplay are indispensable to the creation of a beautiful map and thus to a clear, expressive map.”
Imhof, Eduard. Cartographic Relief Presentation. Redlands, Calif: ESRI
Press, 2007. p. 359