Hayley Morgenstern, Ask a Librarian Intern, with our next Resource Spotlight…
Women’s Magazine Archive
Features Full-Text Publications of magazines useful for students in
WGS, Sociology and Psychology, History, Communications, and Advertising/Marketing interested in social and cultural constructions of gender.
Coverage Period (varies per publication): (1880s-2005)
Publications: Better Home and Gardens (1925-1961), Chatelaine (1940-2005), Good Housekeeping (1886-1972) Ladies’ Home Journal (1887- 1954), Parents (1949-1972), Redbook (1903-2002
-Includes Advertisements, and non-article content. Detailed Indexing makes this content easily accessible
• Consumer Culture
• Family Life
• Gender Studies
• Health and Fitness
• Home and Interior Design
• Popular Culture
• Social History
Social Explorer is a useful tool for helping answer questions about U.S. demographics. It enables users to focus on a particular geographic area, such as a state, city, town or neighborhood. Users can also build tables to compare historical Census data.
The visualization tools help researchers create, customize and display their demographic projects and reports. Social Explorer would be an excellent resource for researchers in history, geography, public health, and the social sciences.
Building reports with Social Explorer Tables is a bit easier. The maps and other visualization tools are more complicated, so encourage researchers to use the Help pages and tutorials.
Users can browse 220 years of census data with tens of thousands of maps, hundreds of reports, over 400,000 variables and 40 billion data elements.
You can access current and historical demographic data, including US data:
S. Census data from 1790 to 2010
American Community Survey data from 2005 to 2014 (this is data is based on sampling, but contains more demographic and social data than Census)
FBI Uniform Crime Report data (2010 and 2012)
American election results (1912 to 2014)
Religious Congregations and Membership Study (1980 to 2010)
Vulcan Project carbon emissions data (2002)
County Health Rankings and Roadmaps Program data (2010 to 2016)
and International data:
United Kingdom Census (2011)
Canadian Census (2011)
Eurostat (1990, 2000, 2010 to 2013)
World Development Indicators (2013)
Irish religion and population data (1911 to 2001)
You can also visualize data:
Create custom and user-friendly maps
Explore interactive maps with over 200 years of data
Compare maps using the Side-By-Side Maps Tool to display 2 maps at once
Create data reports with the Reporting Tools in Excel, CSV, and other file formats
Use the Swipe Map Tool to visualize differences between variable and time periods
Use the Storyboard Tool to create multi-map presentations
Save, share and manage your projects using your My Explorer account
Social Explorer can be accessed by searching in the Database tab in scoUT. Users will also need to create a personal account in order to use the PRO edition of Social Explorer remotely, and to save, share and collaborate on projects.
After a brief hiatus, RIOT returned this week with the opportunity to reflect on teaching in the Learning Labs and using the new technology, led by Sarah Brandt. The topic was introduced with some guiding questions and an article that covered the TPACK framework, which posits technology as an integrated instructional component, alongside content knowledge and pedagogy.
It was great to hear people share the ways in which the Learning Labs, both the physical space and the technology, have sparked new approaches in instruction and classroom design. Having no obvious front of the room has created a decentralized, flexible arrangement, and the table groupings have allowed for better flow in addressing students and circulating around the room. People also expressed that the screens have provided a positive new structure for group work and collaboration, while also making student work visible, which increases accountability and facilitates discussion. In terms of specific learning outcomes, people felt that the whiteboards had been very useful for keyword instruction and that the screens supported evaluation activities. It was also appreciated that the Learning Labs are ultimately student spaces, which helps create ownership and engagement.
With regard to the TPACK framework and the role of technology, people connected with the idea that technology can refer to any tool, digital or analog, and that its use should be directly tied to what it is you are trying to accomplish. We discussed implementing technology in support of our teaching goals, as opposed to throwing it in because it’s the hot new thing. People also shared the importance of being able to think on your feet and adapt instruction for whatever tools are available or in the event of technical difficulties.
There were also some challenges discussed, namely transitioning between activities, time constraints, and dealing with faculty interruptions. Potential strategies included:
Have groups assign roles (scribe, reporter, laptop driver) before starting an activity so they know what they’ll be asked to do.
Tell students the agenda for the whole class (first we’ll be in small groups, then we’re going to share out, etc.), then have a student repeat it back to you.
Communicate ground rules and expectations for both students and faculty prior to the session.
Designate a time slot for faculty to make announcements.
Ask faculty to prep the students beforehand with the purpose and goals of the library session.
Establish with faculty what can and cannot be covered or included in a session. Suggest multiple sessions or encourage extra activities (tours, browsing stacks) to be scheduled separately.
There was also the opportunity to share any tips or techniques for teaching in the Learning Labs or in general. Some excellent ideas were brought up:
Play music as students are coming in, creates a welcoming atmosphere and can be a good conversation-starter.
Give a Google form pre-test, and have the responses live populate on the screens.
Put questions on the whiteboards for students to answer as they come in.
Have students use post-its on the whiteboards for organizing keywords or other information.
If you’re interested in additional ideas for teaching with technology, check out this article from the ALA Instructional Technologies Committee.
Need some training or a refresher on using the technology in the Learning Labs? Contact Sarah Dupont, and she’d be happy to meet with you!
The learning labs have been in use for three full semesters. Since many of us have had a chance to teach in these spaces and with our new technology, we thought this would be a good time to discuss teaching in these spaces.
As you prepare for this RIOT, here are a few questions to think about:
Has the technology in the learning labs changed how you teach? Has this been positive or negative for your teaching overall?
What was your reaction to the TPACK framework discussed in the article and the suggested activity for planning classes with post-it notes? Is this how you think about your classes? Would it help to do so in the future?
Are there particular learning outcomes that you feel you’ve been able to teach more effectively because of the technology in a learning lab?
Sharing of tips and tricks you’ve learned after 18 months in the learning labs.
We can’t wait to chat about teaching in the labs and planning to effectively incorporate technology into library instruction! See you 12/12 at 11 A.M. in Learning Lab 3.
Janelle and Roxanne led a discussion of instruction for graduate students, talking about different articles they had read about the topic and comments they had solicited via this blog before the discussion. One of the most common questions submitted by fellow RIOTers was about whether or not graduate students come into the class with different levels of preparedness and, if so, how do you handle it?
The answer was a resounding “yes” but one of the unique characteristics of this population is that they understand how valuable to their work as graduate students what librarians are going to teach them. One way to handle that discrepancy in preparedness is to capitalize on their natural interest and teach them a variety of skills and tools. Even though some will know some of it, they definitely won’t know all of it and will find value in many areas of the session. Librarians who regularly teach graduate students agreed that there isn’t a need to struggle to engage this level of students as there is with undergraduates.
The group discussed the different needs graduate students have and how these needs also change depending on where they are in their program. For example, someone working on their first systematic review will need something different than students writing their dissertation lit reviews or dissertation proposals. All of them, however, need help understanding what is expected of them when doing this type of research and tools and techniques for finding, evaluating and managing relevant resources.
One tool that is effective with a graduate student population, because of their understanding of how the library will be valuable to their work, is research orientations at the beginning of the semester. Issues of timing and tying to a particular assignment aren’t necessarily as important with this population. Roxanne also discussed a workshops program for grad students at another university that was effective.
Janelle and I will discuss our experiences with instruction for graduate students. This sort of sharing is important, since there isn’t a lot of how-to literature out there for guidance (though we can highlight a couple of articles). The discussion will address the differences between instruction for undergraduates versus graduate students, especially focusing on systematic reviews, scholarly communication, and data management.
We hope this RIOT will be like a Reddit AMA on instruction for graduate students. Please submit your questions by leaving a comment.
I think the gold-standard these days for large lecture hall active learning are clickers. I’ve never taught a clicker class. I think clickers are what live studio audiences use to vote for America’s Funniest Home Videos. It’s also the word that old people use for remote controls. My family called the remote control, ‘the box’.
In a TLS Tip from last year, I investigated some mind mapping tools and began using them in the classroom for search strategy brainstorming in group and class discussions. Because of its ease of use and the fact that it does not require an account, I chose Padlet for my in-session activities. This tool is one recommended in this article by a nursing librarian struggling with meaningful active learning in large classrooms. In addition to clicker-based questions, she used Padlet to display to the whole class groups’ answers to librarian-created questions based upon a module the students completed before class. She was then able to use the students’ answers to identify gaps in knowledge and skill and clarify those points face-to-face.
I appreciated the author’s candid assessment of how this engagement went – not perfectly! Students needed more instruction than expected on how to use the tool, it was difficult to manage for a large class with so many groups, and in her lecture hall, only one screen could be shown at a time, thereby requiring her to switch from the Padlet to the Powerpoint awkwardly (would go smoother in our 80 person Lab 1A/B). The goals she had for the class required that she employ a flipped-classroom approach with supporting materials delivered via a module ahead of time. This required a bit of faculty buy-in.
In much of the literature, it seems, the flipped classroom approach to large lecture hall classes is often suggested as it allows faculty and librarian instructors to incorporate active learning into class time. Students watch or complete modules ahead of time and then come to class prepared to participate in discussion (usually classroom response systems (CRS)). In the absence of clickers, one could use polling software. Google Forms, for example, allows students to respond to questions and see the class’s responses in real time.
One shortcoming for clicker and polling questions is that typically, one must use multiple choice questions (mcq). Mcqs often result in unengaged students guessing randomly, resulting in the instructor taking valuable class time to clarify points. Mcqs, furthermore, can cue students to the correct answer. Information literacy is problem solving, it’s using logic – skills difficult to reinforce in mcqs. I do think that clickers and polling can be used to make students feel more comfortable in the classroom. Anonymous responses to polls often relax students when they see others responding similarly. One study I found in this book reported that in a comparison of classes that used clickers vs. those that did not, students using clickers outperformed those who did not in post-assessment (Holdereid, 117)
The authors of this article used CRS to gauge students understanding of concepts such as primary sources or characteristics of popular vs. scholarly sources. I can see these types of questions being good jumping off points for lecture or presentation and have used polling technologies in the classroom for this purpose – assessing what students already know so that I can tailor the discussion.
I guess what I learned from this investigation is that, in some small ways, you might be able to treat the large classroom like the small: pursue flipped classroom approaches, assess existing student knowledge with CRS or polling software, and, if the conditions are right, try collaborative learning on Padlet or a Google Doc.
What approaches do you take in large classrooms? Do you use clickers? Do you feel like the questions are getting at what you want to know? Are you able to engage students or do you feel like it’s more show and tell? Do you feel like you get more or less buy in from faculty in large classroom scenarios?
Deleo, Patricia A., Susan Eichenholtz, and Adrienne Andi Sosin. “Bridging the Information Literacy Gap with Clickers.” The Journal of Academic Librarianship 35.5 (2009): 438-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2009.06.004
Holdereid, Anthony C. “Instructional Design for the Active: Employing Interactive Technologies and Active Learning Exercises to Enhance Information Literacy.” Information and Data Literacy: The Role of the Library. Apple Academic, 2016. 111-25.
Rodriguez, Julia E. “A massively flipped class.” Reference Services Review 44.1 (2016): 4-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/RSR-07-2015-0033
Cindy led her final RIOT yesterday (bon voyage, Cindy!) on the topic of creating effective guides. Here’s her initial blog post. In light of our upcoming transition to LibGuides, this was a timely and necessary conversation for librarians at UTL.
Cindy started off the conversation by sharing some best practices of web design, many stemming from Using Guides to Enhance Library Services. Cindy found chapter 6, about integrating teaching and learning into guides, especially helpful. Using this chapter as a jumping-off point, Cindy began a conversation about the relationship between a design and learning. Paying attention to things like the visual hierarchy of the guide, for example, can help the reader find what he or she is looking for. Thinking about rest and focal areas, and using the hot spots (in an “F” pattern on the page) to emphasize important content can also be very effective. Text is also an important consideration. Using LibGuides advocates for cutting the amount of text you want to use on a guide in half, twice. Cindy concurs. Instead of text-heavy sections, use bullets, integrate bold and italic text, and add images to illustrate steps. Also think about the appropriate tool for the task you’d like a guide to teach. Guide on the side is really good for step-by-step or “clicky” tasks, while a video might be better for something conceptual. At this point in the conversation, accessibility came up as another consideration, particularly when using color or media. In short, this book (and Cindy), advocates for writing on the web that is concise, objective, and scannable, and to think about these as an instructional tool that requires not only good web design, but good instructional design too. This is something to keep in mind as we transition to LibGuides.
When LibGuides came up, Cindy suggested that we work from a template (which we will) and that we think of guides as an extension of the library spaces. We strive to provide consistent excellent service across library branches, and our guides should be no different. They should provide consistently excellent and usable paths to our resources. Since there will be no gatekeeper to posting guides, it is up to the guide creators to employ best practices and to seek out assistance if they need it.
As we talked a bit more about libguides, we came up with a few ways to make them into effective instructional objects. Approaches included:
embedding other kinds of tutorials, depending on learning outcomes, as mentioned above (Guide on the Side, Videos, etc).,
using the tabs to help student progress through the steps of the assignment, with acknowledgement that they may have to repeat steps in iterative processes like topic selection, and
using guides to funnel students to consultations and emails.
More training and information about the implementation of LibGuides will be forthcoming, but this was a great beginning to the conversation about making these guides as effective as possible. In the meantime, please visit the Learning Technologies SharePoint site to see what other options you have for supporting teaching online.
Guides, pathfinders, portals… they’ve been called many things over the years, but the way that librarians curate content for point-of-need assistance remains a fundamental way that users access library content. The library’s website is often referred to as the “virtual branch” and as such should maintain the same high quality, organized, and well assessed services as our physical locations. But what physical equivalent do our subject- course- and topic specific guides have when compared to our physical spaces? As the UT Libraries migrates and unites our guides on the LibGuides platform, I thought it was a good opportunity to reflect on the purpose of these stand-alone instructional materials.
Thankfully much has been written about creating user-centered and teaching focused library guides. Recently, University of Georgia librarian Jason Puckett published Modern Pathfinders: Creating Better Research Guides to offer insight into best practices for creating guides that are guided (pun intended!) by foundational principles of writing for the web, content assessment, and instructional design. He also offered a companion webinar, which can be accessed through the UT Libraries HR staff development wiki.
Additionally, the 2013 LITA text, Using LibGuides to Enhance Library Services, edited by Aaron Dobbs and Ryan Sittler, offers a well-rounded resource covering many aspects of LibGuides beginning with its purchase, installation, training and finally creating guides. The two chapters in particular I found helpful and relevant address specific instructional design elements when creating guides.
Nedda Ahmed’s “Design: Why It Is Important and How To Get It Right,” perfectly summarizes how and why aesthetics really matter when striving for content engagement. Drawing from Donald Norman’s book, Emotional Design, she summarizes that, “Norman and his cognitive science colleagues have come to understand is that objects offering a good balance of aesthetics, practicality, and usability are more effective—essentially, he says, attractive things work better—their attractiveness produces positive emotions, which causes mental processes to be more creative and more capable of working through obstacles” (104). It follows, then, that we, like many of our students, have negative reactions to aesthetically displeasing pages, sometimes discarding them wholesale despite their authority!
Visual elements such as composition and visual hierarchy help us process information; by using techniques such as entry points, focal areas, rest points, and uniformity, we can create calm, inviting and memorable instructional materials. Ahmed also mentions color as a technique, but personally, this remains questionable as it seems less compatible with principals of universal design. Lastly, she covers the importance of writing for the web, which cannot be overstated and are summarized as:
Make it scannable
In Chapter 7 entitled, “Integrating LibGuides Into The Teaching-Learning Process”, co-authors Veronica Bielat, Rebecca Befus, and Judith Arnold use pedagogical and instructional design theory to illuminate best practices in creating specific and targeted LibGuides for a variety of instructional needs. Because the LibGuides platform is so flexible, it can be used to support many different type of teaching: asynchronous, point-of-need, course integrated, and train-the-trainer.
The authors promote scaffolding as a way to help individual learners succeed no matter what point of entry they take to this content. Scaffolding is described here as providing the students “with all of the resources they need for a learning task plus guidance by an expert to support their discovery of new concepts and knowledge” (123). Learning tasks are broken up into smaller, more manageable pieces and can be accomplished at different paces according to learners needs which is especially useful when there is not an expert available. Additionally, other theories such as metacognition and cognitive load are also expanded and explicitly tied to the LibGuide. I’ve reproduced their chart with the examples below:
Taking into account these user-centered design principals and instructional design theories, here are few potential conversation starters for tomorrow:
How have you incorporated elements of writing for the web, user-centered design, scaffolding, and instructional design into your guides (course or subject) previously? What worked and didn’t work?
Is there support that you feel you need in order to better integrate these principals into your guides?
What do you personally respond to when reading instructional materials on the web?
Carolyn led a lively discussion at today’s RIOT based on her reading of Maria Accardi’s Feminist Pedagogy for Library Instructionand the Library Juice Academy course she attended, led by the author. We were lucky to have perspectives from multiple disciplines in the room to discuss applying these principles to our teaching.
From Accardi (as interpreted by Carolyn), feminist pedagogy is a pedagogy of social justice, which uses education as a vehicle for social change, ending oppression of women and people of color. This pedagogy is applicable to any discipline, according to Accardi. As a teacher, Accardi acknowledges and embraces the fact that she isn’t neutral and that she has “an agenda.”
Carolyn opened the discussion by taking us through some of the things she learned from the book and the class. First is that feminist pedagogy can be incorporated into teaching even when the teacher isn’t an expert. Incorporating pieces of this ideology can be impactful and instructors should feel empowered to do that. Second, this pedagogy, like critical pedagogy and constructivism is concerned with de-centering the classroom to privilege the students’ needs and perspectives and to create a participatory and egalitarian learning community. Third, a feminist educator not only gives voice to, but privileges marginalized voices and ideas, even going so far as to interrupt the interrupter or silencing male students (this was the one we discussed most and had the most issues with – read on). They also have a consciousness of social justice issues. Finally, feminist educators care about their students.
Though many of the teaching librarians in the UT Libraries do try to de-centralize their classrooms, some worried about faculty and student reactions to this type of lesson – a common critique of feminist and critical pedagogy. Students and faculty sometimes do want a “sage on a stage” to tell them what to do. Carolyn suggests talking to the faculty member in this situation about the theory behind this pedagogy and sharing why teaching this way is a better choice for a library instruction session (and will lead to better learning in general). Accardi’s book also includes scenarios which allow instructors to see how some aspects of feminist pedagogy might fit into courses.
Though the group seemed to embrace a de-centralized classroom, we did not as thoroughly embrace Accardi’s ideas of how to encourage and privilege marginalized voices. As one member of the group put it, “how can you make an egalitarian learning environment when you ask half of the class [the men] to be quiet?” None of us were very comfortable with this idea, though there was a variety of opinion based on discipline, but we did like the idea of shaking up the groups in the classroom and encouraging more students to talk in other ways. Grouping by Starburst color, by numbering off, or by parts of an article were suggested. some in the group talked about getting more nuanced and thoughtful answers when the groups were created this way because students stay on task more when not with their best friends in the class. To increase the comfort of the students, someone also suggested having students pick a recorder and reporter at the beginning of an exercise, that way no one will be surprised to be asked to speak. Even with these methods, students may not want to speak. In the spirit of creating a caring environment, it was suggested that those students be allowed to pass. See pages 50-52 of the book for a chart of connections between feminist pedagogy and what we do in the libraries.
Finally, we talked about having an agenda as an instructor and librarian, which Accardi undoubtedly does. Carolyn suggested these resources: Chris Bourg’s blogpost on agendas and librarianship, Agendas: Everyone Has One and theBlack Queer Studies Collection project that Kristen Hogan put together to address gaps/silences in the collection development and cataloging practices here at UT Libraries. In the classroom, though, what does this look like? We had several suggestions, including using sample searches that have a social justice component and making sure to include multiple perspectives on issues even when no value judgement is made explicit. Because of the large political spectrum in our classes, we did talk about the idea that proceeding gently when using sources that are challenging to students might be best. They do need to be confronted with challenging information, but it might not be effective for librarians to press their own opinion. This, of course, varies by discipline, but is worth considering for teaching or collections development.
Overall, it seems that feminist pedagogy shares a lot of DNA with constructivist and critical pedagogy and parts of this philosophy spoke to us as librarians and teachers. Thanks, Carolyn!