Category Archives: Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen

Tejiendo la Memoria: Weaving Memory in El Salvador through Archival Collections

As part of El Museo de la Palabra y la ImagenIteman ongoing partnership with El Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen (the Museum of the Word and Image) in San Salvador, El Salvador, the HRDI is pleased to announce the launch of the Tejiendo La Memoria weekly radio program online archive, featuring digital audio files available for streaming of all 28 programs produced by El Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen and the Association of Participatory Radio Programs of El Salvador (ARPAS).
Each short program highlights different aspects of the diverse archival and audiovisual collections housed at El Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen (MUPI) and are centered on important events and figures in El Salvador’s history.  Some of the topics covered in the program include:

–    The archive and legacy of Salazar Arrué (Salarrué):  Salarrué, well known for his book of children’s tales Cuentos de Cipotes, was a prolific writer and painter, producing some of the earliest abstract paintings of the 20th century.  MUPI possesses the personal archive of Salarrué, in addition to voice recordings of Salarrué and recorded interviews with his family members.  In “Tejiendo la Memoria 01: Biografia de Salarrué,”  MUPI introduces listeners to the life and legacy of Salarrué.  “Tejiendo la Memoria 02: Cuentos de Cipotes,” focuses upon one of Salarrué’s most well-known works, including a short reading of one of his stories.  “Tejiendo la Memoria 10: Salarrué y sus Nietas,”  contains audio clips of interviews with Salarrué’s granddaughters and a reading of one of Salarrué’s Cuentos de Cipotes.

–    Personal testimonies of the Salvadoran Civil War:  Chiyo, a 10 year old boy whose family was murdered at the hands of the oppressive Salvadoran political regime, recounts his experiences travelling as a child with the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional, his personal journey since the war ended in 1991, and shares his passion for music in “Tejiendo la Memoria 11: Chiyo, un niño de la Guerra.”  Rufina Amaya, the sole survivor of the two day Massacre at El Mozote, offered her testimony of events to Radio Venceremos, the underground radio station for the FLMN, now part of MUPI’s collections.  “Tejiendo la Memoria 06: Rufina Amaya, la verdad sobre El Mozote” provides excerpts from Amaya’s testimony.

–    The life and living memory of Monseñor Oscar Arnulfo Romero, a Catholic BishMonsenor Romeroop who was assassinated by a death squad lead by Major Robert D’aubuisson.  Monseñor Romero, who openly challenged the repressive state regime in El Salvador, and called for an end to the military’s blatant violation of human rights, was a humanitarian and well-known for his weekly radio sermons. “Tejiendo la Memoria 14: Monseñor Romero, la voz por los sin voz” shares clips of Monseñor Romero’s weekly radio sermons, and presents a biography and homage to the ongoing legacy of Romero.  “Tejiendo la Memoria 15: Monseñor Romero Vive!” uses witness testimony and interviews to describe the events of Monseñor Romero’s assassination, his funeral, and the search for justice.  Monseñor Romero’s close personal friend, Mrs. Santos Delmi Campos, discusses the days preceding Monseñor Romero’s assassination in “Tejiendo la Memoria 27: Monseñor Romero y la Amistad” as well as the personal photo collection he left in her care, which she has donated to MUPI in order to share the legacy of Monseñor Romero with the community.

Each of these collections are part of MUPI’s campaign “Contra el Caos de la Desmemoria” (“Against the Chaos of Forgetting,”) an endeavor to preserve and promote significant materials from El Salvador’s history and to maintain them as part of the social consciousness of the Salvadoran community.
The Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen is a citizen-founded non-profit organization dedicated to the investigation, preservation and exhibition of materials related to the culture, history and identity of El Salvador.  Initially started in 1992 by Carlos Henriquez Consalvi, “Santiago” in order to preserve materials produced during the decade long Salvadoran Civil war, such as underground radio programs (Radio Venceremos and Radio Farabundo Martí), personal diaries, photographs, and documentary materials.  In 2009, MUPI created and launched the weekly radio program “Tejiendo la Memoria” (Weaving Memory) to offer insight into the diverse collections available at el Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen.

To view the entire collection of Tejiendo la Memoria weekly radio programs, click here.

To visit the website for the Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen and learn more about their archival collections, audiovisual materials, and exhibitions, click here.

The HRDI and Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen (El Salvador) pay homage to Monseñor Romero

Photo of Monseñor Romero tribute mural in El Salvador International Airport“If they kill me, I will be reborn in the Salvadoran people.”
– Monseñor Romero

Photo of Monseñor Romero tribute mural in El Salvador International Airport
Credit: T-Kay Sangwand

Today, March 24, 2011, marks the 31st anniversary of the assassination of Monseñor Oscar Arnulfo Romero. Romero, originally conservative in his outlook, developed a strong human rights conscience as he witnessed the government’s violent and repressive actions against the Salvadoran people as well as the assassinations of his fellow priests who stood in solidarity with them. Romero, too, became an outspoken critic of the government and urged members of the army to follow God’s higher orders and cease their brutal violence against the people. On the orders of the Salvadoran Army, Romero was assassinated on March 24, 1980 while giving Mass. Soon thereafter, El Salvador launched into a civil war that lasted twelve years. Thirty-one years after his death, the memory and legacy of Monseñor Romero and his commitment to social justice remains strong.

Tejiendo la Memoria Histórica
In honor of this 31st anniversary, the HRDI has posted three short radio programs on Monseñor Romero, produced by our partner, the Museo de la Palabra y la Imagen (MUPI, Museum of the Word and Image) in El Salvador. MUPI produces a weekly program “Tejiendo la Memoria” (Weaving Memory) that explores an aspect of Salvadoran social, political, or cultural history using the museum’s extensive archival holdings as the basis of each program. Today we are excited to debut three programs that have previously only been heard on the radio waves of El Salvador.

Links to Audio (Note: All audio is in Spanish.)
Monseñor Romero: La Voz de los Sin Voz
(Monseñor Romero: Voice of the Voiceless)
Monseñor Romero Vive! (Monseñor Romero Lives!)
Monseñor Romero y la Amistad (Monseñor Romero’s Friendship)

Each program incorporates audio from Monseñor Romero’s sermons, including material from the day of his assassination. The programs, although a short 5-7 minutes, contain rich insight into the life and work of Romero as told through interviews with his close friends and fellow clergy. “Monseñor Romero y la Amistad” contains an interview with Romero’s close friend Mrs. Santos Delmi Campos who tells us that just a few months before Romero’s death, he entrusted a box of 400 photos of his life to her for safekeeping. Thirty years later, Mrs. Campos donated the photos to MUPI, which formed the basis of the exhibit “Monseñor Vive!

In El Salvador, MUPI conducts the invaluable work of preserving the tangible remains of historical memory and teaching the country’s history to new generations through its exhibits and active outreach to students and youth. The HRDI is proud to aid in MUPI’s educational mission by making its materials available online for the Salvadoran diaspora and beyond.

For more information
Monseñor Romero’s collection of photos at MUPI
El Faro
‘s interview with Alvaro Saravia, a Salvadoran Army Officer, involved in the assassination of Monseñor Romero