Public Domain Day 2019

From the U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8: “The Congress shall have Power…to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” [emphasis mine]

January 1, 2019 will mark the first time in 20 years that items enter the public domain in the United States (the Copyright Extension Act of 1998 added 20 years onto the copyright term of items published in the U.S). January 1st of any given year is the date that items typically fall into the public domain. This happens 70 years after the death of the author, 95 years from the date of publication, or 120 years from the date of creation – whichever comes first (see this Cornell chart for more details). That means that items published in 1923 will finally enter the public domain on January 1st, 2019.

In celebration of the release of copyrighted works into the public domain, I wanted to share a not-at-all-comprehensive list of items that will be in the public domain on January 1st. If you are a faculty member, take a look at the list and see if any of this content would be useful in the courses you teach. Public domain means access to content should be free or relatively cheap (great news for your students), and fair game for remixing and reusing (great news for you).


  • Salome, Dir. Charles Bryant
  • The Pilgrim, Dir. Charlie Chaplin
  • A Woman of Paris, Dir. Charlie Chaplin
  • Circus Days, Dir. Eddie Cline
  • The Covered Wagon, Dir. James Cruze
  • The Ten Commandments, Dir. Cecil B. DeMille
  • Adam’s Rib, Dir. Cecil B. DeMille
  • Cameo Kirby, Dir. John Ford
  • The Ne’er-Do-Well, Dir. Alfred E. Green
  • Daddy, Dir. E. Mason Hopper
  • Homeward Bound, Dir. Ralph Ince
  • Scaramouche, Dir. Rex Ingram
  • The Little Napoleon, Dir. Georg Jacoby (Marlene Dietrich’s film debut)
  • Our Hospitality, Dir. Buster Keaton
  • The Balloonatic, Dir. Buster Keaton
  • The Love Nest, Dir. Buster Keaton
  • The White Sister, Dir. Henry King
  • Felix in Hollywood, Felix the Cat cartoon, Dir. Otto Messmer
  • Safety Last!, Dir. Fred Newmeyer and Sam Taylor
  • Why Worry?, Dir. Fred Newmeyer and Sam Taylor
  • The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Dir. Wallace Worsley

Music – includes only the music and not specific recordings

  • “I Cried for You” by Gus Arnheim, Abe Lyman, and Arthur Freed
  • “I’m Sitting Pretty In A Pretty Little City” by Abel Baer and Lou Davis
  • “Oh Gee Oh Gosh Oh Golly I’m In Love” by Ernest Breuer, Ole Olsen, and Chick Johnson
  • “When It’s Night-Time In Italy, It’s Wednesday Over Here” by Lew Brown and James Kendis
  • “Dizzy Fingers” by Zez Confrey
  • “That Old Gang of Mine” by Ray Henderson, Billy Rose, and Mort Dixon
  • “Horsey, Keep Your Tail Up” by Walter Hirsch and Bert Kaplan
  • “I’ve Got The Yes! We Have No Bananas Blues” by Robert King and James F. Hanley
  • “Back To Croa-Jingo-Long” by Alice Lind and Pat Dunlop
  • “The Charleston” lyrics by Cecil Mack and music by James P. Johnson
  • “Kansas City Stomp” by Jelly Roll Morton
  • “Tin Roof Blues” by the New Orleans Rhythm Kings
  • “Yes! We Have No Bananas” by Frank Silver and Irving Cohn
  • “Who’s Sorry Now?” by Ted Snyder, Bert Kalmar, and Harry Ruby
  • “Octet for Wind Instruments” by Igor Stravinsky
  • “Old King Tut” by Harry Von Tilzer


  • Borges, Jorge Luis: Fervor de Buenos Aires
  • Cather, Willa: A Lost Lady
  • Catt, Carrie Chapman & Nettie Rogers Schuler: Woman Suffrage and Politics: The Inner Story of the Suffrage Movement
  • Chesterton, G.K.:
    • Francis of Assisi
    • Fancies Versus Fads
  • Christie, Agatha: The Murder on the Links
  • Churchill, Winston: The World Crisis
  • Cocteau, Jean:
    • Le Grand Ecart
    • Thomas l’imposteur
  • Conrad, Joseph: The Rover
  • Coward, Noel: London Calling!
  • cummings, e.e.: Tulips & Chimneys
  • Freud, Sigmund: The Ego and the Id
  • Frost, Robert: New Hampshire
  • Gibran, Kahlil: The Prophet
  • Grey, Zane:
    • Wanderer of the Wasteland
    • Tappan’s Burro
  • Hemingway, Ernest: Three Stories and Ten Poems
  • Huxley, Aldous: Antic Hay
  • Kipling, Rudyard: The Irish Guards in the Great War
  • Lawrence, D.H.:
    • The Captain’s Doll
    • The Ladybird
    • The Fox
    • Kangaroo
  • Le Corbusier: Towards a New Architecture
  • Lovecraft, H.P.:
    • Hypnos
    • Memory
    • The Lurking Fear
    • What the Moon Brings
  • Mansfield, Katherine: The Doves’ Nest
  • Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur: Das Dritte Reich
  • Montessori, Maria: Das Kind in der Familie
  • Montgomery, L.M.: Emily of New Moon
  • Neruda, Pablo: Crepusculario
  • O’Flaherty, Liam: Thy Neighbour’s Wife
  • Proust, Marcel: La Prisonnière, volume 5 of In Search of Lost Time (note that English translations have their own copyrights)
  • Ray, Sukumar: Abol Tabol
  • Rice, Elmer: The Adding Machine
  • Ridley, Arnold: The Ghost Train
  • Russell, Bertrand:
    • The Prospects of Industrial Civilization (with Dora Russell)
    • The ABCs of Atoms
  • Sandburg, Carl: Rootabaga Pigeons
  • Sayers, Dorothy L.: Whose Body?, the first Lord Peter Wimsey novel
  • Shaw, George Bernard: Saint Joan
  • Stevens, Wallace: Harmonium
  • Svevo, Italo: La Coscienza di Zeno
  • Tolstoy, Alexei: Aelita
  • Toomer, Jean: Cane
  • Vane, Sutton: Outward Bound
  • Wells, H.G.:
    • Men Like Gods
    • Socialism and the Scientific Motive
  • Wharton, Edith: A Son at the Front
  • Widdemer, Margaret: Graven Image
  • Williams, William Carlos:
    • Great American Novel
    • Go Go
    • Spring and All
  • Wilson, Margaret: The Able McLaughlins
  • Wodehouse, P.G.:
    • The Inimitable Jeeves
    • Leave it to Psmith
  • Woolf, Virginia:
    • Mrs. Dalloway in Bond Street
    • In the Orchard
  • Xun, Lu: Call to Arms (Na han)


  • Brâncusi, Constantin: Bird in Space
  • Duchamp, Marcel: The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)
  • Ernst, Max:
    • Pieta or Revolution by Night
    • Saint Cecilia
    • The Wavering Woman
    • Ubu Imperator
    • Of This Men Shall Know Nothing
  • Escher, M.C.: Dolphins
  • Kandinsky, Wassily:
    • Circles in a Circle
    • On White II
  • Matisse, Henri: Odalisque With Raised Arms
  • Picasso, Pablo:
    • Portrait of woman in d’hermine pass
    • Head of a woman
    • Harlequin with his hands crossed (Jacinto Salvado)
    • Kallan
    • Lovers
    • Paul, the artist’s son, ten years old
    • Olga
    • Pan’s flute
    • Portrait of Paulo, artist’s son
    • Seated woman in a chemise
    • Seated harlequin (Jacinto Salvado)
    • Seated woman with her arms folded (Sarah Murphy)
    • Woman in white
    • Standing female nude
  • Taikan, Yokoyama: Metempsychosis

Many thanks to The Atlantic and lifehacker for providing many of the resources for this list. You can also find great resources about the public domain from the Center for the Study of the Public Domain at Duke.

Disclaimer: I tried to find a couple sources for each item listed, but please use this list with care and do your own research on publication dates.

OER Workshop in January

Registration Open for OER Workshop on January 10, 2019

Are you interested in learning more about Open Educational Resources (OER), how to find and adapt them, how to create them, how the copyright works, how to incorporate openness into your teaching, and how the library can help with affordable course text options?

If so, please join us for a half-day, hands-on OER Workshop for instructors on Thursday, January 10, 2019.

The workshop is free and open to UT faculty, graduate students, and staff, but seating is limited and registration is required. Priority will be given to those people who are teaching for-credit courses.

Sign up for the OER Workshop via UT Learn at this link:

Seating is limited to 30 participants; waitlist is available.

Thursday, January 10, 2019
Start time: 9am
End time: 1pm
We will have short breaks and lunch.

Retractions Brown Bag Discussion

Our next scholarly communication brown bag discussion will be about retractions. We hope to talk about how retractions get issued, how researchers find out about retracted articles, what happens to people who are involved in a retraction, and what impact this has on the research lifecycle.

In advance of that discussion, here are a few resources that may help provide some context.

We are also gathering anonymous feedback about retractions. If you have anything to share regarding retractions (even if you haven’t been directly involved) please consider taking the short survey.

We hope to see you on Wednesday, Nov. 7th, at 12:00pm in PCL Learning Lab 3.

OA Week 2018: Bringing It All Together

Open educational resources (OER) – instructional resources made from open materials – are a logical endpoint when discussing open access initiatives.

At UT Libraries, we’re committed to promoting the adoption and creation of OER across campus. Our OER Working Group’s efforts were recently discussed on Tex Libris, and they have included revamping the OER LibGuide and creating a helpful guide for discussing OER with different audiences, among other outreach efforts to raise campus OER awareness.

As we continue to encourage the development and use of OER, we also have to acknowledge associated difficulties, chief among those being lack of funds and lack of time.

These are serious impediments to widespread OER adoption. However, progress is being made to address them. Following the Texas Legislature’s passage of SB 810, the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board is in the process of awarding its first round of grants to instructors who will be (re)creating courses using only OER.

At a federal level, the U.S. Department of Education announced that its inaugural $5 million Open Textbooks grant award will go to LibreTexts, a UC Davis effort “to develop an easy-to-use online platform for the construction, customization, and dissemination of open educational resources (OER) to reduce the burdens of unreasonable textbook costs to our students and society”.

At Ohio University, a partnership between Ohio University Libraries and the Office of Instructional Innovation, paired subject liaison librarians with OER-interested faculty members to redesign courses to use only OER as part of the Alt-Textbook Initiative. Through a combination of faculty release time and librarian staff time, the Initiative was able to redesign 24 courses for projected student cost savings of roughly $200,000.

By identifying new and creative partnerships and advocating for legislative funding for OER efforts, the open community is working toward sustainable and scalable OER solutions.

Browse existing OER on OER Commons, OpenStax, and the BC Campus Open Textbook/OER Directory.

Share and discover information about OER activities at campuses across North America on SPARC’s Connect OER platform.


OA Week 2018: Engaging Early and Often

A key component of scholarly communication is, in fact, communication. What’s the point of making information available if engagement doesn’t follow? One way of facilitating increased engagement with scholarly literature is through the hosting of preprint articles on institutional repositories and preprint servers.

Preprints are typically defined as scholarly articles that have not yet undergone peer-review and are ready to be submitted for publication. Generally, preprints include the same overall information as final published articles but lack the added design elements and review that occur in the journal publication process. Most importantly in terms of open access, authors can, in most circumstances, freely post and make available their preprint work online.

Preprints speed up the dissemination of scholarly literature by aligning with researcher timelines – not publisher timelines. Preprint servers like arXiv, bioRxiv, and OSF Preprints typically make author-submitted preprints available for viewing in just a few business days, allowing posted articles to be both timely and relevant to current discussions. In the age of social media and instant reporting, it’s important that scholarly research increase the immediacy with which it’s available to enter public discourse.

Infographic about positive aspects of preprints
Image by Daniela Saderi & Adam Lazenby / CC BY 4.0

To come to any kind of consensus on scholarly research, we need a diverse range of individuals engaging with the research and giving feedback on findings. Open knowledge initiatives like PREreview, a web platform allowing for peer-reviewing of preprint articles, encourage scholarly conversation to occur between individuals whose voices have been historically excluded from this crucial process, such as early career and unaffiliated researchers. PREreview also provides valuable preprint feedback to “be compiled into a review and sent back to the authors, who then have the chance of integrating that feedback into their work” (Welcome to PREreview).

According to responses from about 500 faculty members in a recent UT Libraries’ survey, roughly 65% of faculty respondents have shared their scholarly research in “pre-print or e-print digital archives” in the past 5 years (Ithaka survey, Q10). Nearly 40% of those same respondents believed circulating preprint versions of their work to be “an important way for me to communicate my research findings with my peers” (Ithaka survey, Q12).

Considering submission of your preprint work to a preprint server? Double-check journal submission policies on SHERPA/RoMEO before doing so.

Interested in more results from the UT Libraries’ Ithaka S+R 2018 survey of faculty, graduate students, and undergraduate students? View the full results online.


OA Week 2018: Going to the Source

Open data is defined as “research data that is freely available on the internet; permits any user to download, copy, analyze, re-process, pass to software or use for any other purpose; and is without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself” (Open Data). Many funding agencies (NIH, NSF) and journals (Nature, Science) now mandate that researchers share their data upon completion of a research project.

So, what are some of our goals when we make data open?

  • Increasing transparency and public trust in the scientific process,
  • Providing research access to historically excluded user groups, and
  • Making space for previously unexplored areas of scholarship through the promotion of collaboration and interdisciplinarity.

By allowing for and encouraging the free use and reuse of data, we give users the opportunity to more fully understand a researcher’s methods and to draw their own (potentially different) conclusions by engaging directly with the source materials.

To accomplish these goals, however, we need a place to keep all this open data. Open data repositories are quickly growing in popularity and use. Last year, UT got its own in the form of the Texas Data Repository. While only current UT students, faculty, and staff can freely host and share their own research data here, anyone can view and download posted datasets. Uploaded datasets are also assigned their own DOI so they can be cited in future research, and data creators can receive credit for citable content, further incentivizing and normalizing data sharing in the research process.

Other popular open data repositories include The Dataverse Project, Dryad, and ICPSR.

To search or browse a registry of open data repositories, visit


OA Week 2018: Emphasis on Access

With a name like open access, it goes without saying that accessing scholarly literature is not just an important piece of OA initiatives, but a primary goal.

One popular method of ensuring access to open materials has been through the utilization of institutional repositories. Institutional repositories are “digital collections capturing and preserving the intellectual output of a single or multi-university community” (The Case for Institutional Repositories: A SPARC Position Paper).

You may have heard about UT’s very own institutional repository, Texas ScholarWorks, which turned 10 years old this year. (They sure do grow up fast.) However, you may not have known that a majority of universities have their very own repositories, and they are also full of open scholarly resources.

In the past, there has been no way for users to search across these repositories simultaneously, making it difficult for researchers to locate materials posted outside of their own institution’s repository. A new tool, Unpaywall, is quickly breaking down this barrier to access. “Unpaywall is a free web-browser extension that hunts for papers in more than 5,300 repositories worldwide, including preprint servers and institutional databases” (Unpaywall finds free versions of paywalled papers).

Available as both a web search and a browser extension, Unpaywall makes it possible for individuals to quickly and easily locate free versions of scholarly articles legally hosted in institutional and organizational repositories. When using the Unpaywall browser extension, users viewing an article with a paywall will see a green or orange open lock graphic on the right-hand side of their screen if an open access version of the text is available. Clicking the lock graphic will take users directly to the open access content.

With planned Zotero and Scopus integrations in the works, Unpaywall is rapidly increasing the visibility of open scholarship hosted in institutional repositories and allowing researchers unaffiliated with an institution to access significantly more materials without hitting a paywall.

A comprehensive listing of repositories is searchable on OpenDOAR, a global directory of open access repositories.

Unpaywall’s repository source list is searchable and downloadable from their website.


Open Access Week 2018

It’s that time of year again – Open Access Week kicks off today! This year’s theme is Designing Equitable Foundations for Open Knowledge.

OA Week 2018 Banner Website

Open knowledge initiatives are inherently disruptive, labor-intensive, and time-consuming. When we design and implement these initiatives, we need to think carefully about who is likely to benefit and where there is potential for harm. Unfortunately, labor and time are finite resources. To generate real structural change in how we create and disseminate information, we must base our efforts on sustainable platforms. Otherwise, we risk open knowledge becoming just a “movement” and not the standard in academic practice.

This week on Open Access at UT, we’ll be highlighting some emerging and established tools that are helping the open community build the equitable foundations necessary for sustained growth and the resulting benefits to researchers, instructors, and learners.

Interested in learning more about open access? Check out the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) page on the topic.

Curious how other institutions are participating in OA Week? Follow the conversation on Twitter:

Free events for Open Access Week

Open Access Week is Oct. 22-28th. There will be several free online events taking place that week that anyone can participate in. Here are a few:

Open Textbook Pilot applications open

The Department of Education has announced that proposals are now being accepted for an Open Textbooks Pilot program. They will be awarding between one and three grants up to a total of $5 million dollars.

The priorities for this pilot include:

  • Improve collaboration and dissemination through consortial arrangements
  • Address gaps in the open textbook market and develop solutions that scale
  • Promote degree completion

Inside Higher Ed has an article about the proposal process.

The scope of this program is quite large, and the deadline for submission is August 29th, so interested parties should start working on this right away.