OA podcast from Georgia Tech

Three librarians from Georgia Tech have put together a podcast called Information Now: Open Access and the Public Good. The librarians are Lizzy Rolando, Wendy Hagenmaier, and Fred Rascoe. They talk with Dan Cohen (DPLA), Peter Suber (Harvard University), Christine George (Faculty Services Librarian at SUNY Buffalo), Kari Watkins (Asst. Professor, Georgia Tech), and Michael Chang (Deputy Director of the Brook Byers Institute for Sustainable Systems at Georgia Tech) about their experiences with open information and open access in practice. A great listen for OA Week!


Wikipedia Edit-A-Thon recap

Our first OA Week 2013 event happened yesterday afternoon. The Wikipedia Edit-a-thon was an opportunity for participants to learn how to easily become Wikipedia editors. Meghan Sitar, Elisa Nacca, and Krystal Wyatt-Baxter all presented on different aspects of the Wikipedia community. The three instruction librarians also created a helpful course guide that participants, and those who couldn’t attend, can use to get started with Wikipedia editing.

Daily Texan reporter, Leslie Zhang, also wrote up a nice piece about the event:

Join us today at noon for the Open Access & the University panel discussion.

OA Week 2013 planning group

Here is the list of the wonderful folks who volunteered to plan this year’s Open Access Week events.

  • Emilie Algenio
  • Roxanne Bogucka
  • Carolyn Cunningham
  • Jee Davis
  • Georgia Harper
  • Jennifer Hecker
  • Colleen Lyon
  • Susan Macicak
  • Kristi Park
  • Robyn Rosenberg
  • Meghan Sitar
  • Ryan Steans

If you have questions about any of the OA Week events, please feel free to ask one of the group members!

What is Open Access?

Many people have questions about open access and all of the jargon people use when talking about it. We’ve provided the glossary below to help explain common terms associated with open access.

Article processing charge (APC): The fee paid to a publisher to make the article freely accessible from the time of publication. This may apply to journals which are 100% open access or to journals that allow authors to pay a fee to make their article open access even though the rest of that journal’s articles are toll-access. Not all journals have APCs; according to the Directory of Open Access Journals, it’s less than half.

Creative Commons: A nonprofit organization dedicated to making it easier for creators to share their work and to build upon the work of others. They offer a range of free copyright licenses which can be added to a creative or scholarly work to inform others of allowed uses for that work. The CC-BY license is a Creative Commons license. This license states that you can share, copy, distribute, transmit, and remix a work (including for commercial purposes) as long as you attribute the work to its original creator. Other license options are available at http://creativecommons.org/

Embargo period: Some publishers only permit Green OA after a specified embargo period, typically 6-12 months. Other publishers will allow the version of record (publisher PDF) to be made freely available, either by the author or on the publisher platform, after an embargo period.

Gold OA: Making an article immediately open access through a publisher platform. To cover costs of publication, publishers sometimes charge a fee, called the Article Processing Charge. The version made openly available is the version of record, also called the publisher’s final formatted version (the PDF).

Green OA: Also called self-archiving, Green OA involves archiving a paper in an institutional repository like UT Digital Repository, or a funder-designated repository like PubMed Central. Archiving may be done by the author, the publisher, or another entity such as the university library. Generally the version of the paper being archived is the author’s final version after peer-review, also called the post-print.

Hybrid journals: Journals which are primarily toll-access, but which allow authors to pay a fee to make their article freely accessible from the time of publication.

Institutional repositories: An online database that archives, in digital format, the scholarly output of an institution and makes that output freely available. Authors who choose to make their work accessible via the Green OA route may use institutional repositories to post their work online. This is generally a free service to users and many times uploading assistance is available. UT Digital Repository: http://repositories.lib.utexas.edu

Open access (OA): Providing unrestricted, free, online access to peer reviewed and published scholarly research papers.

Open access policy: A policy stating that all published works from an entity (sometimes a funding agency like NIH and sometimes a university or sub-unit of a university) are to be made freely accessible online. Generally the works are intended to be open access from the time of publication, but embargo periods are sometimes included as part of the policy. A waiver to opt out of the requirement is occasionally an option.

Post-print: The version of an article after edits from peer review but before final publisher copyediting and conversion to PDF. Sometimes referred to as the final accepted version or the author’s manuscript.

Pre-print: The version of an article before it undergoes peer review. Sometimes referred to as the submitted version. One popular pre-print repository is http://arXiv.org.

Sherpa/Romeo: A searchable database of publisher copyright policies and policies on self-archiving. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/

Toll-access: The traditional model of journal publishing. The cost of publishing is free to the author, and instead the subscribers pay a fee. For academic journals, the subscriber is quite frequently the university library.

This glossary was based on definitions from Open Access Oxford, University of Illinois, and SPARC.

OA Scholarly Publishing with the Texas Digital Library

Learn about the scholarly publishing opportunities available to faculty members through the Texas Digital Library (TDL), a consortium of academic libraries that provides technology services in support of research, scholarship, and learning.

Friday, October 25th, Noon – 1:00pm in the Student Activity Center (SAC) Room 1.118

Representatives from the TDL will discuss the Open Access (OA) scholarly publishing services provided free-of-charge to UT Austin faculty through the Libraries’ membership in TDL.

This talk will focus on tools offered directly to faculty researchers and scholars, including the academic journal publishing software Open Journal Systems (OJS). OJS provides a website for OA journal publishing, tools for managing the peer review and editing workflows, and support for indexing journal content with Google Scholar, CrossRef, and others.

Presenters are: Debra Hanken Kurtz (Executive Director of the Texas Digital Library) and Kristi Park (Program Coordinator for the Texas Digital Library)

Food and refreshments will be provided (while they last) to attendees. We hope to see you there!

Open Access Movie Screening

Celebrate Open Access Week by joining other students, faculty, staff, and community members interested in the learning more about the crossroads between copyright and creativity.

Thursday, October 24th, 6:00-9:00pm in the Fine Arts Library, Room 3.200

Explore copyright and open access issues at a screening of RIP: A Remix Manifesto, a 2008 open source documentary film about “the changing concept of copyright”directed by Brett Gaylor. Following the film, a discussion session will consider how copyright, intellectual property, the creative process, and related issues affect education at the university and in our everyday lives.

Food and refreshments will be provided (while they last) to attendees. We hope to see you there!

Open Access Panel Discussion

Celebrate Open Access Week by joining other students, faculty, staff, and community members interested in learning more about how open access affects both our scholarly research and access to information we need for everyday decisions.

Tuesday, October 22nd, 12:00-1:30pm in the Student Activity Center (SAC) Room 2.302

A panel of university experts will participate in a question and answer session about Open Access issues. Discussion topics include the National Institutes of Health requirement to post articles in PubMed Central; funding agency requirements to create and share data management plans; the recent White House memorandum expanding public access to the results of federally-funded research; the bipartisan FASTR (Fair Access to Science & Technology Research Act) bill; and any topics the audience is interested in discussing.

Panel members are: Maria Esteva, Texas Advanced Computing Center; Georgia Harper, University of Texas Libraries; Tracie Harrison, College of Nursing; Colleen Lyon, University of Texas Libraries; and Elena Mota, Office of Sponsored Projects.

Food and refreshments will be provided (while they last) to attendees. We hope to see you there!

Publishers behaving badly

A recent article in Science Magazine, http://www.sciencemag.org/content/342/6154/60.summary, reveals a troubling problem with peer review at some scientific journals. The author, John Bohannon, submitted a bogus, scientifically and ethically flawed paper to 304 Gold OA journals (meaning they charge a fee to publish), and so far 157 journals have accepted the article. 98 journals have rejected the paper, including PLoS One and a Hindawi journal. Publishers for journals that accepted the paper include some listed on Jeffrey Beall’s Predatory Open Access list and well-known publishers like Elsevier, Sage and Wolters Kluwer.

While this is certainly a very interesting topic, without repeating the study on toll-access journals and evaluating articles posted to institutional repositories it’s rather difficult to say if the problem is exclusive to OA journals or part of a larger problem in the scientific publishing community.

Open Educational Resources – Past, Present, Future?

Wednesday, October 23rd, 12:30-1:30pm in SAC 1.118

In this presentation, Garin Fons, will discuss the inception and evolution of Open Educational Resources (OER) over the past 10 years and explore where the Open Education movement might be headed in the years to come.

OERs are teaching and learning materials freely available online for everyone to use and reuse. To see a local example of an OER, the University of Texas at Austin’s Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL) created a Yorùbá Open Access Textbook, called Yorùbá Yé Mi. To see large-scale offerings of OERs, see MIT’s OpenCourseWare website for their 2,150 course materials, which went live in 2002 and reached 125 million visits in 2012.

Garin Fons is the Project Manager for the University of Texas at Austin’s Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL). He helps COERLL coordinate the creation of various openly licensed foreign language teaching and learning materials, including open textbooks, web resources, video, image, and audio archives, and supervises the development of other innovative projects to combine principles of a participatory and collaborative culture with deeper teaching and learning. He received his MSI from the University of Michigan’s School of Information and when not at the University, enjoys making charcuterie and salami.